The Valley Hospital’s neurosurgery team treats patients with brain tumors using a variety of surgical or radiosurgical approaches, depending on each patient’s individual diagnosis.
Brain tumors can be identified as either metastatic or primary. Metastatic brain tumors are cancer that has started elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain. Brain metastases are the most common type of brain cancer. Primary brain tumors are those that originate in the brain, and while they often spread through the brain tissue, they typically do not spread to other parts of the body.
Several factors need to be considered when determining treatment, such as the size, location and type of tumor, as well as individual health status. Treatment options may include surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery offered at The Valley Hospital’s Gamma Knife Center, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. Cancer symptoms can often be managed through medications and complementary therapies as well.
Cerebral Vascular Malformations
The neurosurgeons of The Valley Hospital utilize advanced surgical techniques for the treatment for Cerebral vascular malformations, or abnormalities in the blood vessels within or surrounding the brain.
- Arteriovenous malformations (AVM): abnormal knots of blood vessels in the brain AVMs are the most common types of vascular malformation
- Capillary telangiectasias: dilated blood vessels.
- Cavernous malformations: abnormally formed, cluster-like blood vessels in the brain or spinal cord
- Dural arteriovenous fistulas: irregular links between the arteries and the brain or spinal cord covering
- Spinal arteriovenous: abnormal twist of blood vessels on or near the spinal cord
- Venous malformations: enlarged veins in the brain or spinal cord
Depending on the type of abnormality, surgery, embolization (blockage of the abnormal blood vessel) and Gamma Knife can be used to treat these conditions.
For patients suffering with trigeminal neuralgia, our Gamma Knife Center offers treatment to relieve the symptoms and pain for this condition. Trigeminal neuralgia—also called tic douloureux—is a chronic condition that affects the largest nerve in the head, the fifth cranial or trigeminal nerve, which carries sensations from the face to the brain.
The condition can be treated with medication, neurosurgical procedures, or stereotactic radiosurgery with the Gamma Knife.
At The Valley Hospital, our physicians can help you determine if you might be a candidate surgery or targeted radiation therapy using the Gamma Knife technology to relieve nerve pressure.