The Valley Center, in conjunction with the New York University Fertility Center, conducts the complete in vitro fertilization process. Starting with ovulation induction to stimulate ovaries, eggs are harvested through an ultrasound-guided technique. The retrieved eggs are fertilized and grown in a laboratory for 3 to 5 days after which the embroys are transferred to the uterus.
For women who have had embryos frozen from a prior IVF cycle, the process of frozen embryo transfer is available during which thawed embryos are placed into the uterus.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): ICSI involves injection of individual sperm into single eggs for the purpose of fertilization. ICSI may be done in cases of extremely low sperm counts or poor fertilization in a previous cycle.
Assisted Hatching: This process involves creating a small hole in the shell of the embryo to help it "hatch". The embryo is then transferred to the uterus. This process has shown to improve implantation of embryos.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD): Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (known as PGD) is a technique which permits analysis of the genetics of an embryo prior to transferring embryos to a woman undergoing in vitro fertilization. It's primary use is to permit the selection of embryos that do not carry the abnormal gene being tested. This procedure can be used to screen for various inherited diseases such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell anemia. It may also be useful as a screen of common chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome.
Blastocyst Transfer: Embryos that have matured for five days (the blastocyst stage) may have a better chance of implantation. Blastocyst transfer enables the transfer of fewer embryos which reduces the risk of high order multiple pregnancies while maintaining a high pregnancy rate.
Embryo Cryopreservation: Embryos may be frozen and stored for future use. IVF treatment can sometimes result in the production of more embryos than can be safely transferred to a patient at one time. Implantation of an excessive number of embryos can also increase the risk of multiple births. Freezing, thawing and using the excess embryos at a later date can sometimes prevent the need to undergo another IVF treatment cycle.
Oocyte cryopreservation: This valuable process allows a woman’s harvested eggs to be frozen and stored for future use. This capability is used by many women undergoing treatment (for cancer or other diseases) that may harm their ovaries. Preserving them allows high-quality eggs to be used months or years later.
Testicular Biopsy: Male infertility can be closely examined by conducting a sperm biopsy from the testes. Absent sperm in the ejaculate are the main reason why a biopsy is performed. Sperm removed are analyzed, frozen, and/or used in ICSI (see above).